The tourist map was produced in 1997 by the Bhaktapur Municipality and commodifies Bhaktapurıs culture so that it can be sold. In this map, Bhaktapur is displayed as an exotic traditional fossil that lingers on from a premodern time.
The mandala map, plots the cityıs temples as a protective circle. The copy here was made by Madhu Chitrakar in 1999, but other copies circulate in the city. The mandala map is a hala(n) jwala(n), "or a celebration thing."